Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from        to    
Commission file number: 001-39212
PPD, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
45-3806427
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
929 North Front Street, Wilmington, North Carolina 28401
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
910-251-0081
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
————————————————
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
PPD
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
(Nasdaq Global Select Market)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x   No  o 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   x   No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer  
x
Smaller reporting company
o
 
 
Emerging growth company
o
                
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes  o   No  x 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
 
Number of Shares Outstanding
Common Stock $0.01 par value
 
348,584,371 shares outstanding as of April 30, 2020





When we use the terms “PPD,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we mean PPD, Inc. and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis, unless the context indicates otherwise.

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Such forward-looking statements reflect, among other things, our current expectations and anticipated results of operations, all of which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements, market trends, or industry results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Therefore, any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements and should be evaluated as such.
These statements often include words such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “suggest,” “plan,” “believe,” “intend,” “project,” “forecast,” “estimates,” “targets,” “projections,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “may,” “might,” “will,” and other similar expressions including forward-looking statements about the impact from the novel coronavirus disease (the “COVID-19 pandemic”). We base these forward-looking statements on our current expectations, plans and assumptions that we have made in light of our experience in the industry, as well as our perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances at this time, including the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic. As you read this quarterly report, you should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. The forward-looking statements contained herein are subject to and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions at the time they are made, actual results might differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might materially affect such forward-looking statements include:
the magnitude, continued duration, geographic reach and ongoing impact on the global economy and capital and credit markets of the COVID-19 pandemic;
the current and uncertain future impact from the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, growth, reputation, prospects, financial condition, results of operations (including components of our financial results), cash flows and liquidity;
the fragmented and highly competitive nature of the drug development services industry;
changes in trends in the biopharmaceutical industry, including decreases in research and development spending and outsourcing;
our ability to keep pace with rapid technological changes that could make our services less competitive or obsolete;
the United States and international healthcare industry is subject to political, economic and/or regulatory influences and changes, such as healthcare reform, all of which could adversely affect both our customers’ and our businesses;
any failure of our backlog to accurately predict or convert into future revenue;
the fact that our customers can terminate, delay or reduce the scope of our contracts with them upon short notice or with no notice;
the impact of industry, customer and therapeutic area concentration;
our ability to accurately price our contracts and manage our costs associated with performance of such contracts;
any failures in our information and communication systems, including cybersecurity breaches, impacting us or our customers, clinical trial participants or employees;
any failure to perform services in accordance with contractual requirements, regulatory standards and ethical standards;
our ability to recruit, retain and motivate key personnel, including the loss of any key executive who becomes seriously ill with COVID-19;
our ability to attract suitable investigators or enroll a sufficient number of patients for our customers’ clinical trials;
any failure by us to comply with numerous privacy laws;
our dependence on third parties for critical goods and support services, including a significant impact from the COVID-19 pandemic on our suppliers;
our dependence on our technology network, and the impact from upgrades to the network;
any violation of laws, including laws governing the conduct of clinical trials or other biopharmaceutical research, and anti-corruption laws, such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the United Kingdom Bribery Act of 2010;

2


competition between our existing and potential customers and the potential negative impact on our business;
our management of business restructuring transactions and the integration of acquisitions;
risks related to the drug development services industry that could result in potential liability that could affect our business, reputation and financial condition;
any failure of our insurance to cover the potential liabilities, including indemnification obligations, associated with the operation of our business and provision of services;
our use of biological and hazardous materials, which could violate law or cause injury or death, resulting in liability;
disruptions to our operations by the occurrence of a natural disaster, pandemic (such as the COVID-19 pandemic), or other catastrophic events;
international or U.S. economic, currency, political and other risks, such as those from the COVID-19 pandemic;
economic conditions and regulatory changes relating to the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union;
any inability to adequately protect our intellectual property or the security of our systems and the data stored therein;
consolidation amongst our customers, and the potential for rationalization of the combined drug development pipeline, resulting in fewer products in clinical development;
any patent or other intellectual property litigation we might be involved in;
changes in tax laws, such as U.S. tax reform, or interpretations of existing tax laws;
our investments in third parties, which are illiquid and subject to loss;
the substantial value of our goodwill and intangible assets, which we might not fully realize, resulting in impairment losses;
difficult and volatile conditions in the capital and credit markets and in the overall economy, including those caused by the COVID-19 pandemic;
risks related to our indebtedness;
risks related to ownership of our common stock;
the significant influence certain stockholders have over us; and
other factors beyond our control.
These cautionary statements should not be construed by you to be exhaustive and are made only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. For further discussion of the risks relating to our business, see Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K”).

3


PPD, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Item
 
Page
 
 
 
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.
3.
4.
 
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
1.
1A.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.




4


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Financial Statements (unaudited)

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Revenue
$
1,072,462

 
$
963,738

 
 
 
 
Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Direct costs, exclusive of depreciation and amortization
414,439

 
367,202

Reimbursed costs
250,850

 
225,019

Selling, general and administrative expenses
247,776

 
218,380

Depreciation and amortization
66,315

 
65,418

Total operating costs and expenses
979,380

 
876,019

Income from operations
93,082

 
87,719

Interest expense, net of interest income of $1,270 and $1,492 for the
 
 
 
three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively
(64,710
)
 
(66,523
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(50,065
)
 

Loss on investments
(26,872
)
 
(14,100
)
Other income (expense), net
29,294

 
(24,301
)
Loss before benefit from income taxes
(19,271
)
 
(17,205
)
Benefit from income taxes
(7,717
)
 
(3,299
)
Loss before equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates
(11,554
)
 
(13,906
)
Equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates, net of income taxes
(1,566
)
 
(328
)
Net loss
(13,120
)
 
(14,234
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(2,718
)
 
(861
)
Net loss attributable to PPD, Inc.
(15,838
)
 
(15,095
)
Recapitalization investment portfolio consideration
20,062

 
10,628

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of PPD, Inc.
$
4,224

 
$
(4,467
)
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders of PPD, Inc.:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.01

 
$
(0.02
)
Diluted
$
0.01

 
$
(0.02
)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
318,221

 
279,086

Diluted
322,424

 
279,086



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(unaudited)
(in thousands)


 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Net loss
$
(13,120
)
 
$
(14,234
)
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax expense (benefit):
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(87,953
)
 
52,537

Defined benefit pension plan adjustments, net of income taxes of
 
 
 
$30 and $36 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively
110

 
145

Derivative instruments adjustments, net of income taxes of $(25,109) and $(562)
 
 
 
for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively
(77,705
)
 
(2,410
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
(165,548
)
 
50,272

Comprehensive (loss) income
(178,668
)
 
36,038

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(2,705
)
 
(911
)
Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to PPD, Inc.
(181,373
)
 
35,127

Recapitalization investment portfolio consideration
20,062

 
10,628

Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to common stockholders of PPD, Inc.
$
(161,311
)
 
$
45,755


































The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(in thousands, except par value)

Assets
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
738,364

 
$
345,187

Accounts receivable and unbilled services, net
1,352,232

 
1,326,614

Income taxes receivable
18,498

 
27,437

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
115,845

 
119,776

Total current assets
2,224,939

 
1,819,014

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
455,439

 
458,845

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates
31,953

 
34,028

Investments
223,668

 
250,348

Goodwill, net
1,723,334

 
1,764,104

Intangible assets, net
835,284

 
892,091

Other assets
148,676

 
156,220

Operating lease right-of-use assets
171,495

 
181,596

Total assets
$
5,814,788

 
$
5,556,246

Liabilities, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest and Stockholders Deficit
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
116,568

 
$
130,060

Accrued expenses:
 
 
 
Payables to investigators
324,053

 
322,231

Accrued employee compensation
246,993

 
263,834

Accrued interest
12,365

 
44,527

Other accrued expenses
163,197

 
138,632

Income taxes payable
9,295

 
15,161

Unearned revenue
1,057,988

 
1,110,872

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
46,265

 
45,962

Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations
35,894

 
35,794

Total current liabilities
2,012,618

 
2,107,073

 
 
 
 
Accrued income taxes
16,909

 
38,465

Deferred tax liabilities
82,946

 
92,225

Recapitalization investment portfolio liability
171,616

 
191,678

Long-term operating lease liabilities, less current portion
143,962

 
153,766

Long-term debt and finance lease obligations, less current portion
4,336,826

 
5,608,134

Other liabilities
97,068

 
33,017

Total liabilities
6,861,945

 
8,224,358

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
32,741

 
30,036

Stockholders’ deficit:
 
 
 
Preferred stock - $0.01 par value; 100,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2020
 
 
 
None issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020

 

Common stock - $0.01 par value; 2,000,000 and 2,080,000 shares authorized as of
 
 

March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively;
 
 
 
349,310 shares issued and 348,584 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2020, and
 
 
 
280,127 shares issued and 279,426 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2019
3,493

 
2,801

Treasury stock, at cost, 726 shares and 701 shares as of March 31, 2020 and
 
 
 
December 31, 2019, respectively
(13,268
)
 
(12,707
)
Additional paid-in-capital
1,782,232

 
1,983

Accumulated deficit
(2,387,903
)
 
(2,391,321
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(464,452
)
 
(298,904
)
Total stockholders’ deficit
(1,079,898
)
 
(2,698,148
)
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interest and stockholders’ deficit
$
5,814,788

 
$
5,556,246

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
(in thousands)


 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(13,120
)
 
$
(14,234
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
66,315

 
65,418

Stock-based compensation expense
5,272

 
3,734

Non-cash operating lease expense
9,819

 
10,400

Amortization of debt issuance costs, modification costs and debt discounts
3,857

 
2,575

Non-cash losses (gains) on interest rate swaps
5,965

 
(2,410
)
Loss on investments
26,872

 
14,100

Deferred income tax expense
8,790

 
3,342

Loss on extinguishment of debt
50,065

 

Amortization of costs to obtain a contract
1,561

 
2,874

Other
1,456

 
(970
)
Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of business acquired:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable and unbilled services, net
(61,700
)
 
(1,736
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
22,135

 
9,028

Other assets
(9,546
)
 
(12,840
)
Income taxes, net
(18,767
)
 
(12,543
)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
(48,119
)
 
(73,888
)
Operating lease liabilities
(9,868
)
 
(9,208
)
Unearned revenue
(21,614
)
 
29,953

Net cash provided by operating activities
19,373

 
13,595

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(42,768
)
 
(24,761
)
Acquisition of business, net of cash and cash equivalents acquired

 
(5,731
)
Capital contributions paid for investments, net of distributions received
(452
)
 
(898
)
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates

 
(20,000
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(43,220
)
 
(51,390
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Purchase of treasury stock
(865
)
 
(303
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
2,709

 
2,889

Borrowing on Revolving Credit Facility
150,000

 

Redemption of HoldCo Notes
(1,464,500
)
 

Payments on long-term debt and finance leases
(10,427
)
 
(8,590
)
Net proceeds from initial public offering
1,774,941

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
451,858

 
(6,004
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(34,834
)
 
27,844

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
393,177

 
(15,955
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the period
345,187

 
553,066

Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period
$
738,364

 
$
537,111












The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS DEFICIT AND REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
(unaudited)
(in thousands)

 
 
 
 
 
PPD, Inc. Stockholders’ Deficit
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Paid-in-Capital
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Total Stockholders' Deficit
Balance, December 31, 2018
 
$
24,892

 
 
279,545

 
$
2,795

 
$
41,685

 
515

 
$
(8,933
)
 
$
(312,891
)
 
$
(1,245,077
)
 
$
(1,522,421
)
Net income (loss)
 
861

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(15,095
)
 
(15,095
)
Other comprehensive income
 
50

 
 

 

 

 

 

 
50,272

 

 
50,272

Vesting of restricted stock
 

 
 
2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock for stock option exercises
 

 
 
192

 
2

 
2,887

 

 

 

 

 
2,889

Stock-based compensation expense
 

 
 

 

 
3,734

 

 

 

 

 
3,734

Recapitalization investment portfolio consideration
 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
10,628

 
10,628

Balance, March 31, 2019
 
$
25,803

 
 
279,739

 
$
2,797

 
$
48,306

 
515

 
$
(8,933
)
 
$
(262,619
)
 
$
(1,249,544
)
 
$
(1,469,993
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2019
 
$
30,036

 
 
280,127

 
$
2,801

 
$
1,983

 
701

 
$
(12,707
)
 
$
(298,904
)
 
$
(2,391,321
)
 
$
(2,698,148
)
Net income (loss)
 
2,718

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(15,838
)
 
(15,838
)
Other comprehensive loss
 
(13
)
 
 

 

 

 

 

 
(165,548
)
 

 
(165,548
)
Vesting of restricted stock
 

 
 
3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock for stock option exercises
 

 
 
180

 
2

 
2,707

 

 

 

 

 
2,709

Repurchases of common stock
 

 
 

 

 

 
25

 
(561
)
 

 

 
(561
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 

 
 

 

 
5,272

 

 

 

 

 
5,272

Recapitalization investment portfolio consideration
 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
20,062

 
20,062

Issuance of common stock for initial public offering
 

 
 
69,000

 
690

 
1,772,270

 

 

 

 

 
1,772,960

Other
 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(806
)
 
(806
)
Balance, March 31, 2020
 
$
32,741

 
 
349,310

 
$
3,493

 
$
1,782,232

 
726

 
$
(13,268
)
 
$
(464,452
)
 
$
(2,387,903
)
 
$
(1,079,898
)















The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

9

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)


1.    Basis of Presentation
Description of Business
PPD, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries “PPD” or the “Company”) is a holding company incorporated in Delaware. References to the “Company” throughout these condensed consolidated financial statements refer to PPD, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. The Company is a leading provider of drug development services to the biopharmaceutical industry, focused on helping the Company’s customers bring their new medicines to patients around the world. The Company has been in the drug development services business for more than 30 years, providing a comprehensive suite of clinical development and laboratory services to pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical device, government organizations and other industry participants. The Company has deep experience across a broad range of rapidly growing areas of drug development and engages with customers through a variety of commercial models, including both full-service and functional service partnerships and other offerings tailored to address the specific needs of the Company’s customers. The Company has two reportable segments, Clinical Development Services (“Clinical Development Services”) and Laboratory Services (“Laboratory Services”).
Unaudited Interim Financial Information and the Use of Estimates
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. The significant accounting policies followed by the Company for interim financial reporting are consistent with the accounting policies it follows for annual financial reporting and are disclosed in Note 1 of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K”). There have been no significant changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies during the first three months of 2020, except for a change in how the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) assesses segment performance. See Note 14, “Segments,” for additional information.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company monitors estimates and assumptions on a continuous basis and updates these estimates and assumptions as facts and circumstances change and new information is obtained, including facts and circumstances related to the novel coronavirus disease (the “COVID-19 pandemic”). Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions due to, among other things, the increased impacts caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
In the opinion of the Company’s management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all
adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and
cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not
necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full twelve-month period ending December 31, 2020 or any other future period. Therefore, the information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in its 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The information as of December 31, 2019 in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet included herein is derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts and operations of the Company. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Amounts pertaining to the redeemable noncontrolling ownership interest held by a third-party in the operating results and financial position of the Company’s indirect majority-owned subsidiary are included as a noncontrolling interest.
    




10

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

Initial Public Offering
On February 6, 2020, the Company’s common stock began trading on The Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “PPD.” On February 10, 2020, the Company completed its initial public offering (“IPO”) of its common stock at a price to the public of $27.00 per share. The Company issued and sold 69.0 million shares of common stock in the IPO, including 9.0 million shares of common stock issued pursuant to the full exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares. The Company raised net proceeds of $1,773.0 million through the IPO, after deducting underwriting discounts and other offering expenses totaling $90.0 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company expensed $4.0 million of costs related to the IPO.
The Company used a portion of the net proceeds from the IPO to (1) redeem $550.0 million in aggregate principal amount of unsecured 7.625%/8.375% Senior PIK Toggle Notes (the “Initial HoldCo Notes”), plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon and $5.5 million of redemption premium, and (2) redeem $900.0 million in aggregate principal amount of unsecured 7.75%/8.50% Senior PIK Toggle Notes (the “Additional HoldCo Notes” and, together with the Initial HoldCo Notes, the “HoldCo Notes”), plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon and $9.0 million of redemption premium. The redemption of the HoldCo Notes resulted in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $50.1 million. See Note 6, “Long-term Debt and Finance Lease Obligations,” for additional information regarding the redemption.
In connection with the IPO, the Company’s board of directors adopted and stockholders approved the PPD, Inc. 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (“2020 Incentive Plan”) to implement a new market-based long-term incentive program to align the Company’s executive compensation package with similarly situated public companies. Any awards previously granted under the Eagle Holding Company I 2017 Incentive Plan (the “Eagle I Plan”) remain subject to the terms of the Eagle I Plan and the applicable award agreements. As of March 31, 2020, there were 39,053,663 shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2020 Incentive Plan with no awards outstanding under the plan. No awards were issued under the Eagle I Plan for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and no additional awards will be granted under the Eagle I Plan in the future. See Note 4, “Stock-based Compensation,” of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information on the Eagle I Plan. Additionally, in connection with the IPO, the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, among other things, provides that the Company’s authorized capital consists of 2.0 billion shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share and 100.0 million shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share. Further, in connection with the IPO, all non-voting shares of common stock were converted to voting shares of common stock.
During the first quarter of 2020, the Company terminated its cash-based long-term incentive plan (the “LTIP”) and accelerated the remaining expense for future service under the plan. The LTIP was terminated to align the long-term compensation package of a certain set of employees to that offered by similarly situated public companies. These employees will receive annual stock-based equity awards beginning in 2020. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded compensation expense of $22.2 million for the acceleration of expense under the LTIP. The compensation expense was recorded as a component of direct costs and selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of operations and is recorded as accrued employee compensation on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standard
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued an accounting standards update to address a customer’s accounting for implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract. This new guidance was issued to align the accounting for costs incurred to implement a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract with the guidance on capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. Upon the adoption of this standard, implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract will be capitalized and presented in the financial statements similar to prepaid expenses related to service contracts. Additionally, expenses associated with capitalized implementation costs will be recorded in the same financial statement line item as the fees associated with the hosting element of a cloud computing arrangement. The Company adopted this accounting standards update on January 1, 2020 using the prospective method. The adoption of this accounting standards update did not have a material impact to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.



11

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

2.    Revenue
Performance Obligations
Revenue recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 from performance obligations partially satisfied in prior periods was $23.6 million and $5.9 million, respectively. These cumulative catch-up adjustments primarily related to (1) contract modifications executed in the current period, which resulted in changes to the transaction price, (2) changes in transaction price related to variable consideration and (3) changes in estimates such as estimated total costs.
As of March 31, 2020, the aggregate amounts of transaction price allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations with an original contract term of greater than one year was $7.1 billion. The Company expects to recognize 34% to 40% of the transaction price allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations over the next 12 months as services are rendered, with the remainder recognized thereafter during the remaining contract term. The Company does not include the value of the transaction price allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts that have an original contract term of less than one year or for contracts which are determined to be short-term based on certain termination for convenience provisions.
Accounts Receivable and Unbilled Services, net and Unearned Revenue
The Company’s accounts receivable and unbilled services, net, consisted of the following amounts on the dates set forth below:
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Accounts receivable
$
731,428

 
$
726,111

Unbilled services
630,370

 
609,674

Total accounts receivable and unbilled services
1,361,798

 
1,335,785

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(9,566
)
 
(9,171
)
Total accounts receivable and unbilled services, net
$
1,352,232

 
$
1,326,614

The Company’s unearned revenue consisted of the following amounts on the dates set forth below:
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Unearned revenue
 
$
1,057,988

 
$
1,110,872

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, contract assets of $165.2 million and $178.8 million, respectively, were included in unbilled services. The changes in the Company’s contract assets and unearned revenue resulted from the timing difference between the Company’s satisfaction of performance obligations under its contracts, achievement of billing milestones and customer payments. Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized revenue of $478.6 million and $379.8 million, respectively, from the balance of unearned revenue outstanding as of January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2019. Impairments of accounts receivable, unbilled services and contract assets were insignificant during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
Customer Concentration    
Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable and unbilled services, net, are limited due to the Company’s large number of customers. As of March 31, 2020, two customers accounted for approximately 12% and 11%, respectively, of accounts receivable and unbilled services, net. As of December 31, 2019, two customers each individually accounted for approximately 11% of accounts receivable and unbilled services, net. Additionally, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, no one customer accounted for greater than 10% of revenues.





12

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

3.    Stockholders’ Deficit and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
Shares
Common Stock
The following is a summary of the Company’s authorized, issued and outstanding shares of common stock as of the periods set forth below:
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Shares authorized
2,000,000

 
2,080,000

Shares issued
349,310

 
280,127

 
 
 
 
Shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Voting
348,584

 
276,052

Non-voting

 
3,374

Total shares outstanding
348,584

 
279,426

Voting, Dividend, and Liquidation Rights of Common Stock
Each share of voting stock is entitled to one vote on all matters to be voted on by the stockholders of the Company holding voting stock, including the election of directors. Additionally, the holders of voting stock are entitled to dividends on a pro rata basis at such time and in such amounts, if and when declared by the Company’s board of directors and are entitled to participate on a pro rata basis in all distributions that may be legally made to the Company’s stockholders in connection with a voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company. With the completion of the IPO in the first quarter of 2020, all non-voting shares of common stock were converted to voting shares of common stock.
Stock Split
In January 2020, the Company filed its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation prior to the IPO which, among other things, effected a 1.8-for-1 stock split of its common stock and increased the authorized number of shares of its common stock to 2.08 billion, which was subsequently reduced to 2.0 billion in connection with the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation filed in February 2020 as part of the IPO. All references to share and per share amounts in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements for periods prior to the stock split were retrospectively revised to reflect the stock split and increase in authorized shares for all periods presented.
Preferred Stock
In connection with the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation filed in February 2020, the Company authorized 100.0 million shares of preferred stock. No shares of preferred stock were issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2020.
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
The Company owns 60% of its consolidated subsidiary PPD-SNBL K.K. (“PPD-SNBL”). The 40% ownership interest in PPD-SNBL held by Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd. (“SNBL”) is classified as a redeemable noncontrolling interest on the condensed consolidated balance sheets due to certain put options under which SNBL may require the Company to purchase SNBL’s remaining ownership interest at fair value upon the occurrence of certain events described in the PPD-SNBL shareholders agreement. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, no such events had occurred. See Note 12, “Related Party Transactions,” for additional information.


 

13

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

4.    Business Combinations
The Company accounted for its business combinations below under the acquisition method of accounting and measured at fair value, the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition. For each business combination, the Company recorded assets and liabilities representing working capital at their historical costs, which approximate fair value given the short-term nature of the assets and liabilities. The methods used to estimate the fair value of definite-lived intangible assets are consistent with those described in Note 1, “Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Acquisition of Synarc
On September 3, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of the issued and outstanding equity of Synarc, Inc. (“Synarc”), the global site network business of Bioclinica, Inc., expanding its global footprint into China and Latin America and expanding its central nervous system offering in the United States. The preliminary purchase price was $48.6 million, which includes an adjustment to estimated net working capital acquired at the time of acquisition of $1.8 million, and was paid with cash. The purchase price is subject to post-closing adjustments for cash, debt and net working capital recorded at the time of the acquisition.
The initial accounting is not complete and amounts recorded as part of the acquisition are provisional, pending finalization of the valuation of certain assets and finalization of post-closing adjustments to the purchase price. The preliminary goodwill recognized of $2.9 million was primarily the result of anticipated growth through the development of new customers, additional services to existing customers and the assembled workforce. The goodwill was assigned to a reporting unit within the Company’s Clinical Development Services segment. The Company is not able to deduct goodwill for U.S. income tax purposes.
The Company acquired the following definite-lived intangible assets with the acquisition of Synarc:
 
 
Acquired Intangible Assets
 
Weighted-Average Amortization Period (in years)
Customer relationships
 
$
2,000

 
15
Know-how/processes
 
1,800

 
8
Investigator network
 
1,900

 
8
Trade names
 
1,400

 
10
Total
 
$
7,100

 
10
    















14

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

The following table summarizes the provisional consideration and the fair values of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:
Purchase price
$
48,635

 
 
Identifiable assets acquired:
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
6,003

Accounts receivable and unbilled services
23,143

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
2,556

Property and equipment
19,273

Intangible assets
7,100

Other assets
6,046

Operating lease right-of-use assets
1,609

Total identifiable assets acquired
65,730

Liabilities assumed:
 
Accounts payable
(2,117
)
Other accrued expenses
(4,026
)
Unearned revenue
(7,210
)
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations
(38
)
Deferred tax liabilities
(4,677
)
Other liabilities
(331
)
Operating lease liabilities
(1,609
)
Total liabilities assumed
(20,008
)
Separately identifiable net assets acquired
45,722

Goodwill
2,913

Total net assets
$
48,635

Acquisition of Medimix
On July 1, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of the issued and outstanding equity of Medimix International (“Medimix”), a global technology company providing real-world evidence insights and information to the pharmaceutical, diagnostic and medical device industries. The acquisition is expected to enhance the Company’s ability to leverage data to provide real-world evidence and insights for customers. The purchase price was $36.8 million, which consisted of $27.5 million of cash, $5.0 million of common stock of the Company and $4.3 million of estimated contingent consideration. There have been no material purchase price adjustments made subsequent to the initial recognition of assets and liabilities acquired.
Based on the provisional fair values of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date, the consideration paid was allocated as follows: (i) $13.5 million to definite-lived intangible assets, (ii) $20.5 million to goodwill and (iii) $2.8 million to other net assets primarily related to net working capital.
In connection with the acquisition of Medimix, contingent consideration in the form of a potential earn-out payment of up to $10.8 million is to be paid if Medimix achieves certain performance measures within the specified measurement period. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company recorded an estimated earn-out liability of $8.1 million and $9.5 million, respectively, to be paid based on Medimix meeting certain performance targets through 2019. The change in the estimated earn-out liability of $1.4 million for contingent consideration was recorded as a component of SG&A expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations, and the estimated liability is included in other accrued expenses on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The initial accounting is not complete and amounts recorded as part of the acquisition are provisional, pending finalization of the valuation of certain assets and liabilities. The goodwill recognized was primarily the result of anticipated growth through the development of new customers, additional services to existing customers and the assembled workforce. The goodwill was assigned to a reporting unit within the Company’s Clinical Development Services segment. The majority of goodwill is tax deductible for U.S. income tax purposes.

15

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

The Company acquired the following definite-lived intangible assets with the acquisition of Medimix:
 
 
Acquired Intangible Assets
 
Weighted-Average Amortization Period (in years)
Customer relationships
 
$
7,500

 
13
Trade names
 
900

 
10
Technology/intellectual property
 
5,100

 
8
Total
 
$
13,500

 
11
Acquisition Costs
Acquisition costs for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were $3.7 million and there were no acquisition costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020. These costs are expensed as incurred and are included on the condensed consolidated statements of operations as a component of SG&A expenses.
5.    Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net
Goodwill, Net
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment consisted of the following on the dates set forth below:
 
Total
 
Clinical Development Services
 
Laboratory Services
Balance at December 31, 2019:
 
 
 
 

Goodwill
$
1,890,815

 
$
1,664,201

 
$
226,614

Accumulated impairment losses
(126,711
)
 
(99,432
)
 
(27,279
)
Goodwill, net
1,764,104

 
1,564,769

 
199,335

Activity:
 
 
 
 

Translation adjustments
(42,618
)
 
(42,618
)
 

Measurement period adjustments for prior acquisition
1,848

 
1,848

 

Balance at March 31, 2020:
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
1,850,045

 
1,623,431

 
226,614

Accumulated impairment losses
(126,711
)
 
(99,432
)
 
(27,279
)
Goodwill, net
$
1,723,334

 
$
1,523,999

 
$
199,335

Intangible Assets, Net
The Company’s definite-lived intangible assets were composed of the following on the dates set forth below:
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net
 
Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net
Customer relationships
 
$
869,063

 
$
(421,703
)
 
$
447,360

 
$
884,788

 
$
(415,427
)
 
$
469,361

Trade names
 
365,372

 
(140,952
)
 
224,420

 
372,210

 
(139,141
)
 
233,069

Backlog
 
173,785

 
(172,288
)
 
1,497

 
177,599

 
(175,571
)
 
2,028

Investigator/payer network
 
228,360

 
(185,111
)
 
43,249

 
236,082

 
(185,478
)
 
50,604

Technology/intellectual property
 
8,600

 
(3,553
)
 
5,047

 
8,600

 
(3,319
)
 
5,281

Know-how/processes
 
575,597

 
(461,886
)
 
113,711

 
586,971

 
(455,223
)
 
131,748

Total
 
$
2,220,777

 
$
(1,385,493
)
 
$
835,284

 
$
2,266,250

 
$
(1,374,159
)
 
$
892,091

Amortization expense was $39.7 million and $40.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Translation adjustments of approximately $17.1 million were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in a decrease to the carrying amount of the Company’s definite-lived intangible assets, net. The Company does not have any indefinite-lived intangible assets other than goodwill.

16

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

6.    Long-term Debt and Finance Lease Obligations
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations consisted of the following as set forth on the dates below:
 
Maturity Date
 
Effective Rate
 
Stated Rate
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Term Loan
August 2022
 
3.71%
 
3.50%
 
$
3,088,323

 
$
3,096,429

OpCo Notes
August 2023
 
6.61%
 
6.38%
 
1,125,000

 
1,125,000

Initial HoldCo Notes(1)
 
8.92%
 
7.63%
 

 
550,000

Additional HoldCo Notes(1)
 
8.90%
 
7.75%
 

 
900,000

Revolving Credit Facility
May 2022
 
3.96%
 
3.96%
 
150,000

 

Other debt
April 2025
 
1.14%
 
1.14%
 
3,843

 
5,707

Finance lease obligations
Various
 
Various
 
Various
 
28,197

 
28,726

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,395,363

 
5,705,862

Unamortized debt discount
 
(6,051
)
 
(13,956
)
Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(16,592
)
 
(47,978
)
Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations
 
(35,894
)
 
(35,794
)
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations, less current portion
 
$
4,336,826

 
$
5,608,134

(1) Effective rate and stated rate are as of December 31, 2019 for the extinguished Initial HoldCo Notes and Additional HoldCo Notes.
Revolving Credit Facility    
The Company has a revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) available for use under the credit agreement dated as of August 18, 2015, as amended (the “Credit Agreement”), with a total committed credit of $300.0 million. In March 2020, the Company borrowed $150.0 million from the Revolving Credit Facility as a precautionary measure in order to further strengthen the Company’s cash position and to preserve financial flexibility due to the uncertainty in the global markets as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. From time to time, the Company is required to have letters of credit issued on its behalf to provide credit support for guarantees, contractual commitments and insurance policies. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had letters of credit outstanding with an aggregate value of $1.6 million, which reduced available borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility by such amount. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had available credit under the Revolving Credit Facility of $148.4 million. The Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility as of December 31, 2019 or at any time during 2019.
Redemption of HoldCo Notes
On February 18, 2020, the Company redeemed all of its outstanding HoldCo Notes in accordance with the provisions governing the HoldCo Notes indentures for $1,464.5 million, including a redemption premium of $14.5 million. As such, the obligations of the Company under the HoldCo Notes and such indentures were discharged on that date. Also as part of the redemption, the Company wrote off the unamortized debt discount and deferred debt issuance costs related to the HoldCo Notes of $35.6 million. The Company redeemed the HoldCo Notes with a portion of the net proceeds received from the Company’s IPO. See Note 10, “Long-term Debt and Finance Lease Obligations” of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information on the HoldCo Notes.
Debt Covenants and Default Provisions
There were no changes to the debt covenants or default provisions related to the Company’s outstanding debt
arrangements or other obligations during the first quarter of 2020. However, as the Company had borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility as of March 31, 2020, the Company is subject to a net secured leverage ratio test. The Credit Agreement subjects the Company to a maximum permitted total net secured leverage ratio of 5.00:1.00 on a quarterly basis, calculated with respect to Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the Credit Agreement), when the Company has outstanding obligations and loans under the Revolving Credit Facility (excluding $25.0 million of non-cash collateralized letters of credit) exceeding 30% of the total revolving credit facility commitments. The Company’s outstanding borrowings on the Revolving Credit Facility, including letters of credit, were 51.0% of the total Revolving Credit Facility commitments as of March 31, 2020.

17

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

As of March 31, 2020, the Company’s net secured leverage ratio was 3.1x. The Company was in compliance with all covenants for all long-term debt arrangements as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. For additional information on the Company’s debt arrangements, debt covenants and default provisions, see Note 10, “Long-term Debt and Finance Lease Obligations,” of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Scheduled Maturities of Long-term Debt and Finance Lease Obligations
    As of March 31, 2020, the scheduled maturities of long-term debt and settlement of finance lease obligations for the remainder of 2020, each of the next five years and thereafter were as follows:
Year
 
Amount
2020 (remaining nine months)
 
$
26,713

2021
 
36,573

2022
 
3,185,423

2023
 
1,128,559

2024
 
3,449

2025
 
7,366

Thereafter
 
7,280

Total
 
$
4,395,363

7.    Income Taxes
On March 27, 2020, the U. S. government passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The CARES Act provides wide-ranging economic relief, including significant changes to U.S. business tax provisions. These changes include, in summary, (i) modifications to limitations on the deductibility of net operating losses, (ii) modifications to limitations on the deductibility of business interest, (iii) alternative minimum tax credit acceleration and (iv) the expensing of qualified improvement property. The most significant impact to the Company from the CARES Act relates to the modification to limitations on the deductibility of business interest and the expensing of qualified improvement property. The Company has accounted for the impact of the CARES Act on prior tax years within the current period and accounted for the impact on the current tax year in its annual effective tax rate and benefit from income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The Company is continuing to assess the income tax impact of the CARES Act and other legislative changes enacted and being considered by governments around the world in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.     
The Company’s effective income tax rate was 40.0% and 19.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company’s benefit from income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was primarily due to the estimated tax effect on the Company’s pre-tax loss and the impact of favorable discrete items including the release of a valuation allowance and the net impact of the CARES Act, partially offset by the tax impact of non-deductible compensation as a result of the IPO. The Company’s benefit from income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was due to the estimated tax effect on the Company’s pre-tax loss and other discrete tax impacts as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company’s total unrecognized tax benefits were $18.1 million and $39.7 million, respectively. The decrease to the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits during the three months ended March 31, 2020, was primarily the result of a $13.0 million release as a result of the application of the provisions of the CARES Act. Included in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, were $11.4 million and $28.8 million, respectively, net of the federal benefit for state taxes, that if recognized, would reduce the Company’s effective tax rate. In addition, the Company believes that it is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits could decrease by an amount up to $4.2 million within the next 12 months due to the settlement of audits and the expiration of the statutes of limitations.



18

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

The Company has analyzed its filing positions in all significant federal, state and foreign jurisdictions where it is required to file income tax returns, as well as open tax years in these jurisdictions. The significant jurisdictions with periods subject to examination are the 2016 through 2019 tax years for the United States and the 2017 through 2019 tax years for the United Kingdom. Various foreign and state income tax returns are under examination by taxing authorities. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any examination or inquiry will have a material impact on its results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
8.    Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company has variable rate borrowings under its senior secured term loan outstanding under the Credit Agreement (the “Term Loan”), and as a result, is exposed to interest rate fluctuations on these borrowings. From time to time, the Company enters into interest rate swaps to mitigate the risk in fluctuations in interest rates. For hedges that qualify, the Company accounts for these interest rate swaps as qualifying cash flow hedges because their purpose is to hedge the Company’s exposure to increases in interest rates on its variable rate borrowings and as the interest rate swaps effectively convert variable rate borrowings under the Term Loan to fixed rate borrowings based on the fixed interest rate for the interest rate swaps plus the applicable margin on the Term Loan. For those interest rate swaps accounted for as cash flow hedges, the Company recognizes in accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCL”) or accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”), each net of tax, any changes in the fair value, representing unrealized gains or losses, of its interest rate swaps. The Company assesses effectiveness at inception and on an ongoing quarterly basis. The Company may also enter into interest rate swap agreements that are not designated as cash flow hedges for accounting purposes. Changes in the fair value of interest rate swaps not designated as cash flow hedges are reported in the statements of operations as part of other income (expense), net. The Company does not use derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes and does not offset the fair value amounts of its derivatives.
In February 2020, the Company considered refinancing certain portions of its outstanding debt with new variable rate debt and, in anticipation thereof, the Company entered into three new variable to fixed interest rate swaps with multiple counterparties to hedge future interest rate exposure. At the inception date, the interest rate swaps were designated as cash flow hedges and accounted for in accordance with the aforementioned accounting policy. In February and March 2020, due to, among other factors, difficult and volatile conditions in the credit markets caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company did not enter into the new variable rate debt structure. Therefore, in March 2020, the Company entered into a fixed to variable interest rate swap which reduced the amount of variable rate debt being hedged.
The following table summarizes the material terms of the interest rate swaps outstanding as of March 31, 2020:
Swap #
 
Terms
 
Notional Amount
 
Fixed Interest Rate
 
Maturity Date
1
 
Variable to fixed
 
$
1,500,000

 
1.19%
 
March 31, 2025
2
 
Variable to fixed
 
1,500,000

 
1.22%
 
March 31, 2025
3
 
Variable to fixed
 
500,000

 
1.17%
 
March 31, 2025
4
 
Fixed to variable
 
500,000

 
0.52%
 
March 31, 2025
The Company did not designate the fixed to variable swap as a cash flow hedge for accounting purposes. Simultaneously upon entering into the fixed to variable swap, the Company discontinued cash flow hedge accounting on a variable to fixed swap with the same notional amount and began recording the change in fair value directly in earnings. The unrealized losses recorded in AOCL at the date of discontinuance will be reclassified into interest expense, net, through the original maturity date of the interest rate swap. Additionally, on the date of discontinuance, a $6.6 million loss resulting from originally forecasted transactions deemed probable not to occur was reclassified from AOCL to other income (expense), net, on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company also recorded a loss of $1.7 million in other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of operations from the change in fair value of the undesignated interest rate swaps. Going forward, the Company expects the change in fair value of the two undesignated swaps to mostly offset in earnings as the swaps economically offset each other. Current market conditions, including dislocation in the financial markets and volatility in interest rates due to the COVID-19 pandemic, may affect the performance of the Company’s hedging relationships for cash flow hedges, which could cause the hedging to no longer be effective.

19

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

In 2018, the Company terminated all of its previously outstanding interest rate swaps. These interest rate swaps were set to mature in November 2020. Unrealized gains previously recorded in AOCI through the date of termination will be reclassified into interest expense, net, through the original maturity date of the interest rate swaps.
The Company expects to reclassify current unrealized losses of $20.0 million within the next 12 months from AOCL to interest expense, net, on the condensed consolidated statements of operations as interest payments are made on the Term Loan.
The Company recognized the following amounts of pre-tax loss as a component of AOCL during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:
 
 
Pre-Tax Loss Recognized in AOCL
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Interest rate swaps
 
$
(106,390
)
 
$

The following table provides the location of the pre-tax gain reclassified from AOCL into interest expense, net, and the location of the pre-tax loss reclassified from AOCL into other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of operations during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:
 
 
 
Pre-Tax Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Statements of Operations
 
Location of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Statements of Operations
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Interest rate swaps
Interest expense, net
 
$
3,051

 
$
2,972

Interest rate swaps
Other income (expense), net
 
(6,627
)
 

The fair value of derivative instruments consisted of the following balances as set forth on the dates below:
 
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
Balance sheet location
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
Other accrued expenses
 
$

 
$
24,445

 
$

 
$

Interest rate swaps
Other liabilities
 

 
67,632

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
593

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps
Other accrued expenses
 

 
3,886

 

 

Interest rate swaps
Other liabilities
 

 
12,704

 

 

 
 
 
$
593

 
$
108,667

 
$

 
$

The Company considers the fair value of the interest rate swap assets and liabilities to be a Level 2 classification within the fair value hierarchy. See Note 10, “Fair Value Measurements,” for additional information.


20

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

9.    Commitments and Contingencies
The Company records and discloses a liability for pending and threatened litigation matters when an adverse outcome is probable and the amount of the potential liability is reasonably estimable. The Company reviews claims and legal proceedings on a continuous basis and records or adjusts liabilities recorded for such matters based on updated facts and circumstances including settlements or offers to settle, judicial rulings, advice of counsel or other pertinent matters. Legal costs associated with contingencies are charged to expense as incurred.
The Company is involved in a variety of pending and threatened legal and tax proceedings, claims and litigation that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of business. These actions may be threatened or commenced by various parties, including customers, current or former employees, vendors, government agencies or others. Based on the latest information available, the Company does not expect any pending or threatened legal or tax proceeding, claim or litigation, either individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.
10.    Fair Value Measurements
The Company records certain assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring and nonrecurring basis. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability, or the exit price, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. U.S. GAAP establishes a fair value hierarchy that gives highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest level to unobservable inputs. The inputs used to measure fair value are classified into the following fair value hierarchy:
Level 1 - Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the Company can access at the measurement date.
Level 2 - Observable inputs other than quoted prices in Level 1, including (i) quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, (ii) quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active and (iii) observable inputs for the assets or liabilities other than quoted market prices.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes assets and liabilities determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar techniques reflecting the Company’s own assumptions.
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The following table presents information about the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
As of March 31, 2020
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments
$
2,086

 
$

 
$
221,582

 
$
223,668

Derivative instruments

 
593

 

 
593

Total assets
$
2,086

 
$
593

 
$
221,582

 
$
224,261

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
8,134

 
$
8,134

Derivative instruments

 
108,667

 

 
108,667

Recapitalization investment portfolio liability

 

 
171,616

 
171,616

Total liabilities
$

 
$
108,667

 
$
179,750

 
$
288,417


21

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

As of December 31, 2019
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments
$
1,895

 
$

 
$
248,453

 
$
250,348

Total assets
$
1,895

 
$

 
$
248,453

 
$
250,348

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
9,489

 
$
9,489

Recapitalization investment portfolio liability

 

 
191,678

 
191,678

Total liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
201,167

 
$
201,167

Fair Value Investments
The following table summarizes the Company’s quantitative information about the fair value measurements of Auven Therapeutics Holdings, L.P. (“Auven”) and venBio Global Strategic Fund, L.P. at the dates indicated:

 
Quantitative Information About Level 3 Fair Value Measurements for March 31, 2020
Description
 
Fair Value
 
Valuation Technique
 
Unobservable Input
 
Range of Rates
Fair value option investments
 
$216,204
 
Market evaluation/pricing models
 
Discount for lack of marketability
 
12.5% - 32.5%
 
 
 
 
Recent acquisition transactions
 
Discount for lack of control
 
20.0% - 35.0%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quantitative Information About Level 3 Fair Value Measurements for December 31, 2019
Description
 
Fair Value
 
Valuation Technique
 
Unobservable Input
 
Range of Rates
Fair value option investments
 
$243,067
 
Market evaluation/pricing models
 
Discount for lack of marketability
 
10.0% - 30.0%
 
 
 
 
Recent acquisition transactions
 
Discount for lack of control
 
20.0% - 35.0%
The Company also holds an equity investment in a publicly traded late-stage clinical biopharmaceutical company which it classifies within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy due to the active market with quoted prices for this investment. See Note 7, “Investments,” of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information on the Company’s investments.
Changes in fair value of the Company’s investments measured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) were as follows:
 
2020
 
2019
Balance as of January 1,
$
248,453

 
$
256,124

Recognized fair value loss
(27,323
)
 
(9,509
)
Cash distributions received
(93
)
 
(101
)
Capital contributions paid
545

 
999

Balance as of March 31,
$
221,582

 
$
247,513

Included within the Company’s investments are limited partner interests in Auven, an investment partnership organized for the purpose of identifying, acquiring and investing in a diversified portfolio of novel therapeutic product candidates. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company owned 32.7% of the outstanding limited partnership interests. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the total net investment loss, which includes realized and unrealized losses/gains, net of expenses and investment income, for Auven was $134.6 million and $83.4 million, respectively.






22

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

Recapitalization Investment Portfolio Liability
Changes in fair value of the recapitalization investment portfolio liability measured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) were as follows:
 
2020
 
2019
Balance as of January 1,
$
191,678

 
$
198,524

Recapitalization investment portfolio consideration change in value
(20,062
)
 
(10,628
)
Balance as of March 31,
$
171,616

 
$
187,896

Contingent Consideration
Changes in fair value of the contingent consideration measured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) were as follows:
 
2020
 
2019
Balance as of January 1,
$
9,489

 
$

Change in contingent consideration fair value
(1,355
)
 

Balance as of March 31,
$
8,134

 
$

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company estimated the fair value of its financial instruments using available market information. The estimate of fair value has been determined based on the fair value hierarchy for U.S. GAAP. The following table presents information about the carrying value and estimated fair value of the Company’s financial instruments on the dates set forth below:
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
Carrying Amount
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying Amount
 
Estimated Fair Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
738,364

 
$
738,364

 
$
345,187

 
$
345,187

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Term Loan and Revolving Credit Facility
3,238,323

 
2,824,735

 
3,096,429

 
3,111,911

OpCo Notes
1,125,000

 
1,151,066

 
1,125,000

 
1,164,566

Initial HoldCo Notes

 

 
550,000

 
559,873

Additional HoldCo Notes

 

 
900,000

 
915,120

Other debt
3,843

 
3,843

 
5,707

 
5,707

Cash and Cash Equivalents - The carrying amount approximates fair value due to the short-term maturity of these financial instruments (less than three months). The Company considers the fair value of cash and cash equivalents to be a Level 1 classification within the fair value hierarchy.
Term Loan and Revolving Credit Facility - The estimated fair value of the Term Loan is based on recently reported market transactions and prices for identical or similar financial instruments obtained from a third-party pricing source. The estimated fair value of the Revolving Credit Facility approximates its fair value due to the variable interest rates associated with it. The Company considers the fair value of the Term Loan and Revolving Credit Facility to be a Level 2 classification within the fair value hierarchy.
OpCo Notes and HoldCo Notes - The estimated fair value of the $1,125.0 million outstanding 6.375% senior unsecured notes issued by Jaguar Holding Company II and Pharmaceutical Product Development, LLC, both wholly-owned indirect subsidiaries of the Company (the “OpCo Notes”), is based on recently reported market transactions and prices for identical or similar financial instruments obtained from a third-party pricing source. The Company considers the fair value of the OpCo Notes to be a Level 2 classification within the fair value hierarchy. The estimated fair value of the Company’s previously outstanding HoldCo Notes were determined in the same manner as the OpCo Notes.

23

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

Other Debt - The carrying amount of other debt approximates fair value due to the nature of the obligation. The Company considers the fair value of other debt to be a Level 2 classification within the fair value hierarchy.
11.    Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The balances of AOCL, net of tax, were as follows on the dates set forth below:
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Derivative
Instruments
 

Pension Plan
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance as of December 31, 2019
$
(306,452
)
 
$
8,566

 
$
(1,018
)
 
$
(298,904
)
OCL before reclassifications
(87,953
)
 
(80,408
)
 
(22
)
 
(168,383
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCL or AOCI

 
2,703

 
132

 
2,835

Net (OCL) or OCI
(87,953
)
 
(77,705
)
 
110

 
(165,548
)
Balance as of March 31, 2020
$
(394,405
)
 
$
(69,139
)
 
$
(908
)
 
$
(464,452
)
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Derivative
Instruments
 

Pension Plan
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance as of December 31, 2018
$
(331,276
)
 
$
18,089

 
$
296

 
$
(312,891
)
OCI before reclassifications
52,537

 

 
26

 
52,563

Amounts reclassified from AOCL or AOCI

 
(2,410
)
 
119

 
(2,291
)
Net OCI or (OCL)
52,537

 
(2,410
)
 
145

 
50,272

Balance as of March 31, 2019
$
(278,739
)
 
$
15,679

 
$
441

 
$
(262,619
)
The following table presents the significant reclassifications to the condensed consolidated statements of operations out of AOCI or AOCL and the line item affected on the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the respective periods:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Details about AOCI or AOCL Components
2020
 
2019
Affected line item in statements of operations
Losses (gains) on derivative instruments:
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
$
3,051

 
$
2,972

Interest expense, net
Interest rate swaps
(6,627
)
 

Other income (expense), net
Income tax benefit (expense)
873

 
(562
)
Benefit from income taxes
Total net of income tax
$
(2,703
)
 
$
2,410

 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined benefit pension plan:
 
 
 
 
Amortization of actuarial loss
$
(162
)
 
$
(155
)
Other income (expense), net
Income tax benefit
30

 
36

Benefit from income taxes
Total net of income tax
$
(132
)
 
$
(119
)
 

24

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

12.    Related Party Transactions
Majority Sponsor Transactions
The Company was party to consulting services agreements with affiliates of The Carlyle Group Inc. (“Carlyle”) and affiliates of Hellman & Friedman LLC (“H&F” and, together with Carlyle, the “Majority Sponsors”) under which the Company paid the Majority Sponsors a fee for consulting services provided to the Company as well as reimbursements for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in conjunction with such services. The Company incurred consulting and out-of-pocket expenses for services rendered under the consulting agreement of $0.4 million and $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. These expenses are recorded as a component of SG&A expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The consulting services agreements terminated pursuant to their terms upon completion of the Company’s IPO on February 10, 2020.
Affiliates of one of the Majority Sponsors had investments in the Term Loan totaling $77.8 million and $78.0 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company paid $0.8 million and $1.0 million of interest, respectively, and $0.2 million of principal to the relevant affiliates for the Term Loan for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
SNBL Transactions
Both the Company and SNBL have service agreements to provide administrative and support services to PPD-SNBL, both of which will remain in effect as long as the PPD-SNBL shareholders agreement remains in effect. The Company and SNBL also have a collaboration agreement under which the parties may collaborate on various drug development services. This collaboration agreement will remain in effect as long as SNBL owns at least 20% of PPD-SNBL.
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred expenses for services rendered under the services agreement of $0.3 million. The expenses are recorded as a component of SG&A expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company owed SNBL $0.3 million for services rendered under the services agreement. Additionally, as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, PPD-SNBL owed SNBL $3.8 million and $5.7 million, respectively, related to a working capital loan. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company repaid $1.9 million of principal on this working capital loan. This loan is classified as long-term debt on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and is included in Note 6, “Long-term Debt and Finance Lease Obligations,” as “other debt.”


25

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

13.    Earnings Per Share
The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) computations for the periods set forth below:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Numerator:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(13,120
)
 
$
(14,234
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(2,718
)
 
(861
)
Recapitalization investment portfolio consideration
20,062

 
10,628

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders of PPD, Inc.
$
4,224

 
$
(4,467
)
Denominator:
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding
318,221

 
279,086

Effect of dilutive stock options and restricted stock
4,203

 

Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding
322,424

 
279,086

Earnings/(loss) per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.01

 
$
(0.02
)
Diluted
$
0.01

 
$
(0.02
)
See Note 3, “Stockholders’ Deficit and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest,” for additional information related to shares and Note 2, “Recapitalization Transaction,” of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information related to the recapitalization investment portfolio consideration.
Potential common shares outstanding that are considered anti-dilutive are excluded from the computation of diluted EPS. Potential common shares related to stock options and other awards under share-based compensation programs may be determined to be anti-dilutive based on the application of the treasury stock method and are also anti-dilutive in periods when the Company incurs a net loss.
The number of potential common shares outstanding that were considered anti-dilutive using the treasury stock method and therefore excluded from the computation of diluted EPS, weighted for the portion of the period they were outstanding, are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Anti-dilutive stock options and restricted stock

 
488

14.    Segments    
The Company is managed through two reportable segments, Clinical Development Services and Laboratory Services. The Company determines reportable segments using the management approach. The management approach is based on how the Company’s CODM organizes the segments for purposes of assessing performance and making operating decisions. The Clinical Development Services segment provides a wide range of services to its customers including early development/Phase I, patient recruitment and enrollment, investigator site management, Phase II-IV clinical trial management, medical communications and various peri- and post-approval services. The Laboratory Services segment provides comprehensive laboratory services to its customers including bioanalytical, vaccine sciences, good manufacturing practice, central lab and biomarker testing. Both segments provide services to pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical device, government organizations and other industry participants.


26

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

The Company’s CODM assesses segment performance and makes resource allocation decisions based on segment revenues and segment operating income. During the first quarter of 2020, the CODM began assessing performance and making resource allocation decisions based on total segment revenue, including direct, third-party pass-through and out-of-pocket revenue and segment performance including reimbursed costs. Previously, certain revenue amounts were not allocated to segments, whereas following the change, all revenue is allocated to the respective segment. As a result, the Company has updated its segment presentation and all prior period information has been recast to reflect the change in the measurement of segment performance measures.
Segment operating income is segment revenue less segment direct costs, segment reimbursed costs and segment SG&A expenses. Segment operating income excludes certain unallocated direct costs and SG&A expenses, depreciation and amortization and other nonrecurring expenses or income consistent with the information reviewed by the CODM. The CODM reviews the Company’s assets on a consolidated basis and does not assess performance or make operating decisions based on segment assets.
Information on reportable segment revenue and segment operating income, including a reconciliation of segment operating income to consolidated income from operations, for the respective periods were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Segment revenue:
 
 
 
Clinical Development Services
$
870,886

 
$
809,364

Laboratory Services
201,576

 
154,374

Total segment revenue
1,072,462

 
963,738

Segment direct costs:
 
 
 
Clinical Development Services
309,078

 
290,619

Laboratory Services
87,051

 
72,260

Total segment direct costs
396,129

 
362,879

Segment reimbursed costs:
 
 
 
Clinical Development Services
223,529

 
209,880

Laboratory Services
27,321

 
15,139

Total segment reimbursed costs
250,850

 
225,019

Segment SG&A expenses:
 
 
 
Clinical Development Services
141,832

 
128,894

Laboratory Services
21,783

 
18,999

Total segment SG&A expenses
163,615

 
147,893

Segment operating income:
 
 
 
Clinical Development Services
196,447

 
179,971

Laboratory Services
65,421

 
47,976

Total segment operating income
261,868

 
227,947

 
 
 
 
Operating costs and expenses not allocated to segments:
 
 
 
Direct costs
18,310

 
4,323

SG&A expenses
84,161

 
70,487

Depreciation and amortization
66,315

 
65,418

Income from operations
$
93,082

 
$
87,719






27

PPD, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(amounts in tables in thousands, except per share data)

15.    Entity-wide Information by Geographic Location
The table below presents certain entity-wide information about the Company’s operations by geographic location. The Company allocates revenues to geographic locations based on where the services are performed. Revenues by geographic location are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Revenue:
 
 
 
North America(1)
$
558,239

 
$
499,917

Latin America
44,910

 
38,965

Europe, Middle East and Africa(2)
354,451

 
325,831

Asia-Pacific
114,862

 
99,025

Revenue
$
1,072,462

 
$
963,738

(1) Revenue for the North America region includes revenue attributable to the United States of $556.5 million and $494.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
(2) Revenue for the Europe, Middle East and Africa region includes service revenue attributable to the United Kingdom of $189.1 million and $174.8 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
16.    Other Income (Expense), Net
The components of other income (expense), net, for the respective periods were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Other income (expense), net:
 
 
 
Foreign currency gains (losses), net
$
37,652

 
$
(24,869
)
Interest rate swap losses
(8,338
)
 

Other income
165

 
1,346

Other expense
(185
)
 
(778
)
Total other income (expense), net
$
29,294

 
$
(24,301
)

28


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic and other factors set forth in other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the risk factors set forth in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. For important information regarding these forward-looking statements, please see “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
Company Overview
We are a leading provider of drug development services to the biopharmaceutical industry, focused on helping our customers bring their new medicines to patients around the world. We have been in the drug development business for more than 30 years